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Albumin - Definition

Albumin is the most present protein in the blood. It is made by the liver, but is also supplied by certain foods, mainly milk and eggs.


Albumin plays many roles that make it essential to the body. It is in fact necessary, among other things, for the proper distribution of liquids between the different structures like the blood vessels, tissues, and the space that separates them, called the interstitial space. Otherwise, it conveys a certain number of hormones, fatty acids, and bilirubin. In the blood, the level of albumin, also called albuminemia, is lowered in the case of malnutrition or of nephrotic syndrome, and kidney disease which is responsible for the loss of proteins through the urine.