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Alkalosis - Definition


Alkalosis is a disorder due to an acid-base imbalance in the body in which the blood acidity level is too low. Physiologically, it causes a drop in the ratio between the carbonic acid and the bicarbonates contained in the plasma. Alkalosis can be metabolic when caused by a rise in bicarbonates present in the blood in relation to an excessive absorption through diet or an excessive elimination of acids due to considerable vomiting, for example. Alkalosis can be respiratory when it appears as a result of a massive exhalation of carbon dioxide through respiration which lowers the quantity of carbonic acid in the blood. In the case of alkalosis, the body is trying to compensate for these fluctuations in order to regain balance.