Bronchopneumonia - Definition

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Bronchopneumonia means an association of inflammation in the bronchi, but also in the pulmonary tissue. It usually occurs following a respiratory disease. It can be viral or bacterial. Bronchopneumonia can be located in one part of the lung: in this case it is called free acute lobar pneumonia which affects mainly the frail (immunocompromised, elderly, or children). Signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and sputum. The diagnosis is made by pulmonary auscultation, sometimes aided by an x-ray. Treatment involves antibiotics and the progression is favorable.