Cervical myelopathy - Definition

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Myelopathy is the term used to describe disorders affecting different types of marrow: either bone marrow, which produces the majority of our blood cells, or marrow of the spinal chord, which makes up part of our central nervous system. Cervical myelopathy occurs when the section of the spinal cord within the cervical vertebra is affected by pathologies, and generally refers to cervical spondylotic myelopathy, a condition resulting from spinal marrow damage in the evolution of osteoarthritis. Marrow damage is often a result of pressure caused by a degenerative invertebral disk located between two vertebra that can slip, leading to disk herniation at the pressure point, or by osteophytes, abnormal bone projections. Principal symptoms include pain at the cervical spine region, mobility impairment, and sense impairment.