Cognitive neuropsychology - Definition

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Neuropsychology is the study of the relation between intellectual, behavioral, and emotional processes, and brain function. Cognitive neuropsychology corresponds to a branch of this field involving only the association with cognitive function. Cognition is a generic term denoting all mental processes associated with knowledge, such as language, intelligence, memory, organizational capacity, recognition, and so on. It is principally employed for diagnosing certain neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, to assess the depth and repercussions of the disease, as well as guiding physicians to design the best possible treatment course adapted to the patient's needs.