Pathology - Definition

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Pathology is in etymological terms the definition of a branch of medicine involved in the study of diseases. This principally includes research into their underlying causes, the factors that spark their beginnings or foster their progression, their mode of progression, and their prognosis, with the ultimate objective of understanding how best to treat them and potentially how also to prevent them. The term has nevertheless grown in use to become a synonym of disease as well as being the method of drawing up an inventory of diseases. Hence we refer to pulmonary pathologies or cardiac pathologies, terms which cover all diseases affecting these organs, or infectious or autoimmune pathologies to characterize disease families that share a similar process.