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Pneumococcus - Definition


Pneumococcus, or streptococcus pneumoniae, is a bacteria that is a member of the streptococcus genus. This bacteria is primarily implicated in diseases affecting the pulmonary system, such as pneumonia or pleurisy, meaning inflammation of the lung membrane. Streptococcus pneumoniae can also induce inflammation of the sinuses, or sinusitis; or of the peritoneum, the membrane surrounding the abdominal organs, or cardiac infections, or infections of the meninges located in the brain and the spinal cord, officially called meningitis. Antibiotics are administered to eradicate the streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria, typically a type of penicillin, yet these bacteria have now developed resistances to certain antibiotics, in which case other types of molecules can be used.