Corticosteroid - Definition

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Corticosteroids are hormones produced by the pair of adrenal glands, located above the kidneys, precisely on what is called the adrenal cortex. Corticosteroids are also known as corticoids. They may be synthetically created in a laboratory and used in the field of therapeutics: this is called corticotherapy. Corticoids have an effect on the metabolic reactions of an organism, an anti-inflammatory action which fights inflammation, and also an immunosuppressive effect, which reduces the defense reaction of an organism, sometimes desired in certain auto-immune diseases. They may be used in medications that are taken orally, but also in the form of injectable products, notably in the joints for cases of rheumatism. They nevertheless have numerous undesirable effects, which generally limits their usage to short-term treatments.