Mendel's laws - Definition

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An Austrian monk and botanist, Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) spent almost eight years creating and studying nearly 10,000 crosses between species of green peas. At the conclusion of this exhaustive work, the researcher formulated three laws regarding the transmission of traits during the reproductive phase. These are called Mendel's laws, which lay the foundations for the study of genetics in the twentieth century. The first law is named the Law of Segregation, the second is titled the Law of Independent Assortment, and the third concerns the independent disjunction of trait couples.