Throat cancer - Definition

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Definition


Throat cancer is more commonly known in medicine as cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract. It usually affects the larynx and pharynx. Its frequency is closely correlated with the duration of exposure and the amount of tobacco and alcohol that is consumed. This cancer affects swallowing, speech, and breathing and changes in these functions are signs that cancer can be suspected. An endoscopic examination after local tests is frequently necessary. Treatment options depend on the location and progress of cancer and involve surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.