Cervical cancer - Definition

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Definition


Cancer of the uterus occurs in two distinct forms and refers to either the cervix or the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. Cervical cancer is usually due to sexual transmission of the human papillomavirus or HPV. In France, systematic screening is organized for women with a PAP smear every three years between the ages of 18 and 65. In cases of cancer, often appearing through bleeding between periods, an examination with a speculum and a biopsy of the tumor will reinforce the diagnosis. Treatment of this cancer depends on its progression and involves surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or brachytherapy, using radioactive substances in the vicinity of the tumor.