Chemotherapy - Definition

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Chemotherapy is a treatment method used mainly against cancer, but also against certain autoimmune diseases. Chemotherapy involves the use of several chemical substances. As part of anticancer chemotherapy, the expected effect is to prevent the uncontrolled reproduction of cells, for example by stopping their cell division mechanism. Chemotherapy does not specifically target the pathogenic cells and can therefore attack healthy cells, which explains the hair loss, anemia, or infections related to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy may be accompanied by radiotherapy, before or after surgery.