Cholecystectomy - Definition

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Cholecystectomy involves the removal of the gallbladder by surgical operation. The gallbladder stores bile and eliminates it through the duodenum to take part in the digestive process, but life without the gallbladder is quite normal. Cholecystectomy is performed in cases of disease of the gallbladder, such as acute cholecystitis, cholangitis, a biliary tract tumor, or malformation of the bladder. Most cholecystectomies are now done as laparoscopy, which minimizes the scar, or otherwise by a larger incision opening part of the abdomen, called laparotomy.