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Cholecystitis - Definition


Cholecystitis indicates an inflammation of the gallbladder often a result of an infection of the bile it contains. It most often follows an obstruction of the duct leading to the intestine, by a gallstone. The stagnation of bile promotes infection by digestive bacteria. Bile becomes infected and can gangrene. Cholecystitis results in pain in the upper abdomen, mostly on the right, nausea or vomiting, and fever. After confirmation by ultrasound, treatment involves the removal of the gallbladder by cholecystectomy, often in addition to antibiotics.