Cholesteatoma - Definition

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Cholesteatoma indicates a small benign mass composed of cells rich in cholesterol that is in the ear near the eardrum following an inflammation. It is rare that both ears are affected simultaneously and cholesteatoma is often a consequence of tympanic perforation in the progression of chronic otitis. It can go unnoticed or be responsible for a decrease in hearing capacity, or purulent discharge from the ear. An exam with an otoscope can identify it, and surgery, along with antibiotics, must often be performed to avoid complications such as infections, dizziness, and deafness.