Alcoholic cirrhosis - Definition

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Definition


Cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease caused, in 80% of cases, by chronic alcohol intoxication. Alcoholic cirrhosis is a destruction of liver cells associated with anatomical changes that result in a reduction of the functions of this organ. In the context of chronic intoxication, symptoms appear as an increased liver volume or hepatomegaly, signs of liver failure (fatigue, spider veins, jaundice, gastrointestinal bleeding), and signs of portal hypertension (ascites, splenomegaly). The disease progresses to life-threatening complications such as gastrointestinal hemorrhaging, hepatic encephalopathy, and hepatocellular carcinoma, or liver cancer.