Decompensated cirrhosis - Definition

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Decompensated cirrhosis is an advanced form of liver cirrhosis. It is called decompensation when the adaptation of the mechanisms to compensate for the adverse effects of the disease is no longer sufficiently effective. Decompensated cirrhosis is present in a form of advanced cirrhosis with major signs of liver failure, an accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites) which perpetually returns despite draining, hypertension of the portal vein, esophageal varices responsible for digestive bleeding, and neurological signs as a result of the cirrhosis, categorized as hepatic encephalopathy. At this stage, liver transplantation is seriously considered.