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The colon is commonly called the large intestine and corresponds to the part of the digestive tract between the small intestine and rectum. It measures, on average in adults, 5 feet in length and 3 inches in diameter.

It is divided into four segments: the right or ascending colon; transverse colon; left or descending colon; and the sigmoid colon. The colon finishes the processing of waste from the intestines into feces, which are then expelled through the rectum at its tip.

Inflammatory colitis can develop in the colon, as well as cancer. Part of the colon can be removed in certain pathologies — this is called a colectomy.


Original article published by Jeff. Translated by Jeff. Latest update on June 26, 2018 at 05:26 PM by owilson.

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