Cryptorchidism - Definition

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Definition


It is called cryptorchidism when a man is missing a testicle in the testicular pouch called the scrotum, the pocket of skin covering the testicles below the penis. The testicle may be present somewhere on the normal path it takes and in this case it's called an undescended testicle. It may also be outside of this path, in which case it's called testicular ectopia. This condition - very common in newborns and young infants - often spontaneously corrects itself. Sometimes the testicle may be present intermittently in the scrotum before returning to the abdomen: this is the elevator testicle. If this persists, surgery, orchidopexy, can secure the testicle in the scrotum.