Femoral artery - Definition

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The femoral arteries, of which there are two in the body, are large blood vessels that bring blood and oxygen to lower limbs and to the pelvis. They begin at the external iliac artery, pass under the groin ligament, and descend to the knee, to the adductor magnus muscle. The femoral artery is an extension of the aorta and transforms into the popliteal artery below the knee. It is the preferred artery in which to place a catheter during a coronary catheterization.