Atrophic rhinitis - Definition

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Atrophic rhinitis, usually qualified as chronic, is a rare inflammation of the sinuses and nasal cavities, of which the underlying causes are still unknown. It is characterized by atrophy of the nasal mucosa, that is to say where the inner lining of these cavities wastes away and becomes thinner. The following symptoms are associated with this condition: pus at times mixed in with the mucus; the appearance of brownish crusts; a foul-smelling odor emanating from the nostrils, called ozaena; and loss of smell. This condition can be extremely unpleasant from a social point of view, potentially causing psychological disorders. It can occur without any obvious underlying cause, but can also be secondary to nasal surgery, in which case it is called empty nose syndrome (ENS).