Streptococcus - Definition

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Streptococcus is the name of an entire genus of bacteria, including notably enterococcus and pneumococcus. Some of these bacteria are naturally present in the human body, enterococcus, for example, can be found in the digestive tract. Streptococcus bacteria are responsible for a great number of infections, including the following: bacterial tonsillitis, skin infections such as impetigo or erysipelas, respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia, some forms of meningitis, or general infections. Streptococcus is generally sensitive to antibiotics, with penicillin the most commonly-prescribed in these cases.