Tarsal tunnel syndrome - Definition

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Tarsal tunnel syndrome defines symptoms secondary to compressed nerves in the sole of the foot, behind the medial malleolus. This syndrome causes pain in the sole of the foot, as well as paresthesias, such as a pins and needles sensation or numbness. The compression can be due to a cyst, a malunion of the bone following a fracture, or a swollen ligament following a sprain. Wearing orthopedic shoes can be effective in reducing the pain, along with analgesic drugs.