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Tendinopathy - Definition


Tendinopathy is a generic term defining any disease causing damage to the tendon. These conditions can manifest as a one-off, or can last for a certain length of time. The underlying causes of tendinopathy are over-use of the muscles, repetitive movements, trauma, and also inflammatory diseases, crystalline deposits in the tendon, infection, and so on. It causes inflammation of the tendon, and even rupture in some cases. Movement becomes difficult and painful, although passive movement (manipulation by a physician) is generally unaffected as the tendons are not being used. These conditions primarily affect the shoulder, elbow, knee, gluteus medius muscle in the hip, and so on. X-ray imaging can reveal the calcification of a tendon, although there are cases where it is not visible, and an MRI is required if rupture is suspected or symptoms persist.