Vaginosis - Definition

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Vaginosis is a chronic inflammation of the vaginal mucosa, the inner lining of the vagina, which is commonly observed in cases of an imbalance in the vaginal microbiota. The latter, also known as the vaginal flora, constitutes the many bacteria naturally present in the acidic environment of the vagina, which serve as protection against infection. Vaginosis is often caused by bacteria, and is usually characterized by foul-smelling vaginal discharge and can cause pain, itchiness, and reddening in the vaginal region. This condition is irritating and a source of discomfort that can cause severe incapacity for affected women. Antibacterial treatment by means of suppository antibiotics, usually metronidazole, is generally effective.