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Increased Heart Rate (Tachycardia) - Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

Increased heart rate is a condition called tachycardia. At rest, the heart rate will average between 60-80 beats per minute. It's called tachycardia when the heart beats at a rate higher than 100 per minute.

A rapid heart rate is normal in some cases, particularly when making a particular effort because when different tissues are exercised, they require more energy, which is supplied in larger quantities by increased blood flow via an increased pumping of the heart. It can also be a symptom of an infectious, nervous, hormonal disease, as well as a heart-related disease. Medication, stress, hormonal disorders may also be at the root of the problem. Whatever the reason, a medical consultation is required in cases of persistent tachycardia in order to determine the cause.

Diagnosing Tachycardia

In the case of an increased heart rate, the doctor or cardiologist will conduct a physical examination and question the patient about his medical history, genetic risk, and lifestyle. The physician may also prescribe an ECG, or electrocardiogram, to measure the heart rate, a blood test; or further cardiological examinations to identify the type of tachycardia.

Symptoms of Tachycardia

Tachycardia can sometimes be felt by the patient in the form palpitations, where the patient actually feels like his heart is beating faster. Other symptoms of tachycardia are contingent upon the related diseases in question.

Treating Tachycardia

There are many causes of tachycardia. Once the cause is identified, the treatment will allow for a return to a normal heart rhythm. Tachycardia with a cardiac origin is most often due to diseases grouped under the term arrhythmia, and after their detection on an ECG, treatments are established to treat the disease. Another treatment option may be to use drugs that slow the heart rate, such as beta-blockers or antiarrhythmic drugs, or to use a technique, called radio frequenc,y via an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

Prevention of Tachycardia

It is possible to prevent certain types of heart rate increases by improving your lifestyle. Certain steps such as adopting a balanced diet and limiting salt and fat intake are essential. In addition to this, you should engage in daily physical activity and get regular health checks.

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