Neurogenic bladder dysfunction - Definition

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Neurogenic bladder dysfunction, sometimes called simply neurogenic bladder, is a generic term covering all conditions affecting the bladder caused by a lesion or impaired function of the part of the nervous system involved in bladder function. In the majority of cases, it is secondary to a lesion in the spinal cord. It can also be caused by certain diseases, such as advanced stage multiple sclerosis. The neural damage leads to problems with urinary function, called bladder-sphincter disorder. Neurological bladder dysfunction manifests itself as urinary secretion or even incontinence, urinary disorders, increased bladder volume or even dilation of the urinary tracts above the bladder, affecting the urethra and kidneys. Treatment methods vary depending on the underlying cause and the type of neurogenic bladder dysfunction, with surgery an option solely in the most severe cases.