Vulva - Definition

Ask a question


The vulva comprises all the external genital organs of the woman, including the labia majora and labia minora that surround the urinary orifice, and the opening of the vagina. It is located at the base of the abdomen as an extension of the pubis, and is oval in shape, with a median fold hidden under the skin. The vulva performs sexual functions and presents features that match with the male genitalia, notably the clitoris or erectile organ, that is homologous with the penis. The vulva can be affected by mucosal lesions, notably in cases of sexually transmitted disease. It can also be inflamed in these cases, and appear red and painful, which is called vulvitis.