Throat (anatomy) - Definition

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The throat constitutes the anterior part of the neck, and is composed of the pharynx and larynx. It also contains lymphic organs called the tonsils that can become inflamed resulting in tonsillitis. Both the upper section of the throat (the pharynx) and the lower (larynx) are innervated by what is called the cervical plexus. Neck movements are enabled by the presence of many muscles. Finally, the throat comprises the hyoid bone, located just beneath the very base of the tongue, which is unique in that it is not connected with the other bones of the skeleton.