Dysphagia - Definition

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Dysphagia is etymologically defined by difficulty to eat, but refers more specifically a sense of discomfort in swallowing that can be localized in the mouth, larynx or esophagus. It is painless and is described by the patient as feeling of stop or blocked food.


Dysphagia may be due to difficulty swallowing a foreign body, nervous disorders, drugs, inflammation of the esophagus, voluminous esophageal diverticula, motors esophageal disorders, compression of the esophagus by a tumor.

It may also be due to stress: we speak of "globus hystericus". Depending on the suspected diagnosis, esophageal endoscopy or other examinations may be performed.