Mitosis - Definition

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Definition


Mitosis is a process of cell division that yields two identical daughter cells from a parent cell. It is characterized by a set of four successive phases called prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. All cells in the human body except the sex cells are capable of mitosis. Initially, the chromosomes carrying the genetic information of the cell are split. Then they migrate to each pole of the cell so that each side contains 23 chromosomes. At the end of the process, the parent cell divides into two daughter cells, each carrying the same genetic information.