Encephalon - Definition

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Definition


The brain together with the spinal cord is called the central nervous system. The encephalon is all parts of the central nervous system which are located in the cranium. It includes the brain, the cerebellum, and brainstem. The brain consists of two hemispheres and is the largest part of the encephalon. It allows, among its many functions, the reception, transmission, and analysis of information, hormone regulation, and gland control. The cerebellum has other roles such as the coordination of movement and balance. The brainstem, meanwhile, is responsible for regulating the activity of the heart and lungs. The encephalon is covered by a membrane, meninges, which has a protective role.

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