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High blood pressure (hypertension) is a pathological increase in blood pressure. It is a cardiovascular disease, acute or more often chronic. Hypertension is defined when the systolic pressure, or the pressure measured during the contraction of the heart, is greater than 140 mm Hg or when the diastolic pressure is greater than 90 mm on two measures and is seen during at least three successive consultations within 3 to 6 months. Hypertension can be primary in 90% of cases, or secondary to other diseases.


In most cases, hypertension is asymptomatic. This disease remains "dormant" for a long time. However it evolves and can cause complications. The following symptoms may occur:
  • headaches;
  • a sensation of hearing ringing;
  • disturbances of vision;
  • a rapid heartbeat;
  • dizziness;
  • bleeding from the nose.


The diagnosis of hypertension is made by a GP. The latter uses an apparatus that is applied to the arm. He will choose the appropriate treatment depending on the patient's age. It is also possible to measure blood pressure yourself or at the pharmacy. In cases of hypertension, a complete search of associated pathologies possibly due to cardiovascular risk factors should be lead.


It is essential to adopt a healthy lifestyle in treating high blood pressure. The doctor will recommend quitting smoking and alcohol, weight loss and a reduction of salt in food as well as the practice of regular physical activity. This accompanies the use of anti-high blood pressure drugs. Different mechanisms of action can be used such as diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, antagonists of angiotensin II (ARBs), beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors calcium ... The measuring of blood pressure is common to ultimately adapt the treatment.


It is possible to prevent high blood pressure by adopting a healthy lifestyle, particularly in limiting salt in foods, watching your weight and cholesterol, reducing your alcohol consumption, quitting smoking, exercising, and monitoring your blood pressure.

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