Episiotomy - Definition

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Definition


An episiotomy is a surgical operation performed during childbirth. It is the opening of the woman's perineum through a small incision to enlarge the hole and to facilitate the extraction of the baby. This technique is intended to prevent a traumatic rupture of the perineum, and prevent the degradation of the anal sphincter. There are two main types of episiotomy: midline episiotomy, purely vertical, and mediolateral episiotomy, which is currently preferred. This surgery may still cause some complications like infections, painful intercourse, or trouble defecating following childbirth.

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