Typhoid fever - Definition

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Definition


Typhoid fever is an infectious disease that is transmitted between humans. It is contracted following the ingestion of food or drink contaminated with the bacterium, Salmonella typhi or paratyphi. The disease mainly affects areas of Africa and tropical countries. It is characterized by a gradually increasing fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, digestive problems, headaches, and insomnia. After 1 week of development, the fever remains high and stable, diarrhea occurs, in addition to abdominal pain, and tuphos, characteristic, appears in the form of a disturbance in the sleep rhythm. The bacterium is identified by cultures made on blood samples and after isolation of the patient, the treatment is based on antibiotics. The family must also be tested and possibly treated.