Glucocorticoid - Definition

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Glucocorticoids are steroidal hormones or corticosteroids. Cortisone and cortisol are produced naturally by the body, but in small quantities; the hormones are thus secreted to compensate for adrenal deficiencies. Synthesized glucocorticoids reinforce this action. They have anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and immunosuppressive properties. They are thus used in cases of inflammatory or allergic reactions, but also against respiratory afflictions, especially asthma, and in cases of auto-immune diseases such as hepatitis.