Total hysterectomy - Definition

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A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. A hysterectomy is performed in some cases of cancers of the female genital tract which may affect the cervix, endometrium, the lining of the uterine wall, or the ovaries. It is called a total hysterectomy when the cervix and the uterine body are removed. It is performed abdominally or vaginally and under general anesthesia. When the hysterectomy includes the fallopian tubes and ovaries, it is called a total hysterectomy with oophorectomy.