Nosocomial infection - Definition

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A nosocomial infection is an infection contracted during a stay in a health facility. An identified infection is considered nosocomial if it appears at least 48 hours after entering the facility. This period is extended to 30 days if the infection occurs where surgery was performed, and is increased to 1 year in cases of installation of a foreign object: a prosthesis, heart valve, pacemaker... Treatment involves antibiotics and prevention based on hospital hygiene, hand hygiene, staff wearing a gown, gloves and mask, sterile equipment for surgical operations...