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Inflammation - Definition


Inflammation is a set of reactions generated by the body in response to an injury suffered. This can be from outside as in an injury, infection, or trauma, or can originate from within the organism itself, as is the case in autoimmune diseases. These reactions are designed to defend the body and when inflammation is visible 4 clinical signs appear: redness, pain, swelling, and increased heat. At the cellular level, white blood cells play a role in these mechanisms, along with other cells with well-organized functions. The inflammatory response is a complex phenomenon, which can sometimes be aided by the use of known anti-inflammatory agents such as corticosteroids or non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory molecules. At the biological level, inflammation is suspected mainly in the case of an increase in C-reactive protein, or CRP, and an increase in the amount of white blood cells reflects the implementation of mechanisms to fight against it.