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Testicular Atrophy: Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Testicular atrophy is a disease that results in the decrease of testicular size. Testicular atrophy may reduce or stop the organs' normal functioning and cause fertility problems, or even infertility. Testicular atrophy is mainly caused by a disease or a condition, such as certain genetic or childhood diseases, chronic infections, injury to the testicle, chronic alcohol or drug use, chronic anemia, or testicular cancer. Anabolic steroids are also a frequent and recognized cause of testicular atrophy.

Diagnosis of Testicular Atrophy

To diagnose testicular atrophy, the doctor or specialist will conduct an examination based on the medical history and lifestyle of the patient. He will, then, perform a physical examination with palpation of the testes and scrotum and an examination of the external genitalia. The consultation may lead to several tests that will confirm the diagnosis. Among them are testicular ultrasound, a blood test, and urological unbalance.

Symptoms of Testicular Atrophy

Testicular atrophy is manifested by a decrease in testicular size. Some symptoms that may be associated with this disorder include testicular pain, impotence or sexual dysfunction, infertility, and delays or disorders of puberty.

Treatment of Testicular Atrophy

The treatment of testicular atrophy depends entirely on its origin. Patients should initially seek to cure the disease responsible for the atrophy. If the testicles have not further changed since the onset of the pathology, testicular atrophy can, then, be treated by a hormonal or surgical intervention.

Prevention of Testicular Atrophy

Since childhood diseases, especially mumps, increase the risk of testicular atrophy, vaccination is essential. Preventing testicular atrophy also involves the adoption of a healthy lifestyle, where alcohol consumption is casual and drug use inexistent.

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