Korsakoff's syndrome - Definition

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Definition


Korsakoff's syndrome is a group of neurological disorders whose cause is a deficiency of vitamin B1. It is essentially a side-effect of chronic alcoholism and is most often due to the development of a neurological condition called Wernicke's encephalopathy and is distinguished by the appearance of some non-reversible symptoms. Korsakoff's syndrome appears as memory impairment with amnesia predominantly visible in the form of oversights, but also disorientation, and storytelling, fantastic stories from the imagination of the patient. Other causes are also possible, such as encephalitis (e.g. herpes), tumors, or strokes. Treatment involves injections of vitamin B1, nutrition and hydration, but its prevention by stopping alcohol consumption is essential.