Tongue disease - Definition

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Definition


The tongue represents a muscular organ with sensory function that plays a major role in phonation and enables taste. It gives the ability to speak, and plays a role in the early stages of food intake. Like any organ in the body, it may be subject to certain diseases. The tongue contains many bacteria that usually are not pathogenic, but may become so, and may also be the origin of oral thrush, including a fungus called candida albicans. Canker sores are small, painful masses very common on the tongue. The tongue can also be the site of cancer. Tongue disease may be responsible for functional disorders, not only in terms of taste, but also in food intake and speech.