Ligament - Definition

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A ligament is a band of very strong, elastic, and fibrous connective tissue that connects bones together in a joint. The ligament enables movement, but also prevents bones from moving excessively, thereby preventing dislocations in the case of forced movements. The main pathologies affecting ligaments are related to trauma: mild sprains of ligaments when the fibers are too stretched or severe sprains if ligaments rupture. Other ligaments have nothing to do with the joints and connect organs to each other, like the gastro-splenic ligament that connects the stomach and spleen.