Liver - Definition

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Definition


The liver is a glandular organ of red-brown color, located in the abdomen, specifically in the right upper quadrant, the part located above and to the left of the navel. This is the largest gland of the body that weighs an average of 1500 grams in adults. The liver consists of two main lobes and is separated into anatomical segments. The liver has many functions: it serves to metabolize carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids, it has treatment functions by destroying certain toxins and eliminating certain drugs; it also has a role storing iron, copper, and a portion of the glucose. It also secretes bile, which will be released into the digestive tract. Numerous conditions can affect the liver such as cirrhosis, often in alcoholics, viral infections, or cancer.