Woolsorter's or Ragpicker's disease - Definition

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Definition


Anthrax, sometimes referred to as Woolsorter's or Ragpicker's disease, is an infectious bacterial disease caused by the Bacillus anthracis bacterium. It can affect the skin most often as a pustule, a small fluid-filled sac, or the respiratory tract by inhalation of spores of the bacterium, or more rarely the digestive tract. In its cutaneous form, the bacterium penetrates the skin through an injury and causes itching and ulceration, in the absence of care, death can occur. In the respiratory form, anthrax leads to a flu-like illness that causes severe respiratory failure. In the gastrointestinal form, it is responsible for diarrhea and vomiting and can cause an ulcer. This illness can be contracted in certain professional circles and can be treated with antibiotics.