Colon disease - Definition

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A colon disease is a disorder affecting the large intestine, the section of the gastrointestinal tract between the small intestine and the rectum. Different types of attacks can be responsible for diseases of the colon, such as the presence of small growths on its inner wall, called polyps, which can be benign or may be precancerous lesions. Similarly, diverticula, types of pouches developed at the expense of this wall can exist: this is called diverticulosis which, in cases of inflammation of the diverticula, can cause diverticulitis, an acute inflammatory bowel disease. Chronic inflammatory diseases are also possible, which is the case in Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Functional disorders may also be part of irritable bowel syndrome or IBS, and colon cancers are also possible pathologies. Imaging tests such as a CT scan or an endoscopic examination called a colonoscopy can diagnose diseases of the colon.