Mallory Weiss - Definition

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The Mallory-Weiss syndrome is a condition which appears in the form of bleeding from the mouth following vomiting which occurs significantly and repeatedly. The blood comes from the deterioration of the inner wall lining the gastrointestinal tract, the mucus membrane, located at the end portion of the esophagus and the initial portion of the stomach. This can cause life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding. This syndrome can occur during the progression of chronic alcoholism, cirrhosis, or inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, esophagitis and gastritis. In the eating disorder called bulimia, repeated vomiting can cause this syndrome. Mild bleeding often stops by itself, but in cases of severe bleeding, blood transfusions and surgery may be necessary.