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Rosacea: Symptoms, and Treatment

Rosacea is defined as a dermatological skin disorder resulting in chronic redness of the face in adults. It most commonly affects women between the ages of 40 and 50 and is more frequent in people with light skin, eyes, and hair.

The physiological explanation of the phenomenon is unclear, but it is manifested by a disturbance in the blood vessels of the face. It is an incurable, progressive skin disease, whose attacks are most often triggered by extreme temperatures or sunlight. The disease can develop in several stages.

Symptoms of Rosacea

Initially, rosacea may begin with the phenomena of successive outbreaks of sudden reddening of the face and neck, accompanied by a feeling of hot flashes that last a few minutes each time. After a period of several outbreaks, diffuse and permanent redness will appear, mainly affecting the forehead, nose, and cheeks. It is this stage that is officially called rosacea.

Sometimes, the disease progresses to the presence of inflammation of the skin, otherwise known as the characteristic stage of rosacea. In its most extreme form, which almost exclusively affects men, the rosacea can progress to rhinophyma, a form of rosacea that is characterized by a red nose that increases in volume and whose skin is thickened.

Diagnosis of Rosacea

Diagnosis of rosacea is clinical and can be made by a doctor or a dermatologist, who will both examine the skin and interview the patient. In case of doubt, the doctor may perform a skin biopsy.

Treatment of Rosacea

Certain medications, such as creams, can relieve the symptoms or reduce redness in less severe cases. Maintaining good skin hygiene is also recommended, with the simple washing of one's face with warm water improving symptoms. In more advanced forms, the use of antibiotics may help improve the condition.

At the stage of permanent rosacea, specific techniques, such as electrocautery may have positive results. Rhinophyma can also be treated by laser. Surgery may be considered in highly unsightly cases.

Prevention of Rosacea

While rosacea cannot exactly be prevented, one may avoid the aggravation or the too frequent repetition of certain symptoms by avoiding temperature changes that are too intense; food and drinks that are too hot or spicy; alcohol; skin irritants; and vasodilators.

Image: © Evgeny Atamanenko - Shutterstock.com

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