Inguinal canal

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The inguinal canal is located in the abdomen and measures approximately 4cm (1.5in). In humans, the spermatic cord passes through it. In women, it surrounds the round ligament of the uterus. The inguinal canal is surrounded by tendons that are located by the abdominal oblique muscle and the pubis, as well as by abdominal muscles. Muscle weakening and aging are factors that favor the development of inguinal canal hernias, for which the only treatment is surgery.