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Anal yeast infection


Definition


Fungal infections can affect many areas of the body like the skin, nails, hair, gastrointestinal tract and genitalia. Fungal infections affecting the anus are most often caused by Candida yeasts, which are naturally present in the digestive tract without any clinical significance, but that in certain circumstances, may become pathogenic. These anal fungi most commonly occur for a short period of time, but can be chronic, frequently in immunocompromised individuals and the elderly. An anal yeast infection may also be due to the spreading of an initially genital mycosis to the anus.

Symptoms


The symptoms of an anal yeast infection are:
  • itching;
  • burning;
  • redness;
  • occasional discharge;
  • damage caused by scratching.

Diagnosis


The diagnosis of anal yeast infection is made with a physical exam of the anus and surrounding regions. In general, no further investigation is necessary and a treatment, i.e. the prescription of appropriate treatment without diagnostic certainty. In rare cases, a sampling of possible lesions it done in order to identify the micro-organism in question.

Treatment


The treatment of anal fungus is done with a local drug therapy, generally in the form of an antifungal cream or ointment. In some cases, particularly in a person whose immunity is impaired, oral antifungal drugs are prescribed.
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